It is the only satellite of the earth. Though it is considered as a luminary in astrology it does not emit its own light but shines due to the reflection of Sun’s radiation. At the perigee moon is 356404 Kilometers away from the earth and at the apogee it is 406680 Kilometers away from the earth. As applicable for all the planets its path is also elliptic. It is nearly 1/4th the size of the earth. One interesting thing is that only one half of the moon is visible to us on Earth.
Orbit: 384,400 km from Earth
Diameter: 3476 km
Mass: 7.35e22 kg
Also Called Luna by the Romans, Selene and Artemis by the Greeks, and many other names in other mythologies.
It, of course, has been known since prehistoric times. It is the second brightest object in the sky after the Sun. As its orbits around the Earth once per month, the angle between the Earth, the Moon and the Sun changes; we see this as the cycle of the it's phases. The time between successive new moons is 29.5 days (709 hours), slightly different from it's orbital period (measured against the stars) since the Earth moves a significant distance in its orbit around the Sun in that time.
Due to its size and composition, it is sometimes classified as a terrestrial "planet" along with Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars.
Lord Chandra in Hindu Mythology
According to Harivansha Purana, it was the handsome son of Sage Atri and was nurtured by the ten Dishas(directions). He married the daughters of Daksha Prajapati. They were 27 in number. The names of these daughters are the 27 Nakshatras of the Zodiac. Moon visits each of them for one day in rotation. But he showed Rohini, one of the 27th wives undue favors.
He also ran away with the Wife of Brihaspati the Deva Guru. Daksh the father in law cursed Moon to suffer from consumption, a gradual decay. Mercury was born a result of interaction of Moon with the wife of Brihaspati.
Chandra is very windy and phlegmatic. He has round body and is learned. He has auspicious looks and sweet speech, is fickle minded and very lustful. He represents one Muhurta i.e., a period of 48 minutes. The taste represented by Moon is Saline.
Chandrama is friendly to Surya and Budha and is neutral to Mangal, Vrihaspati, Shukra and Shani. Chandrama does not consider any planet as its enemy. However, Shani Budha, Shukra and Rahu and Ketu consider moon as their enemy. Chandra is strong in the northern direction.
Planet Moon in Astrology
Energy Type – Feminine
Time Spent in each Sign – 2 1/2 days in each sign and takes 28 days to circumnavigate the zodiac
Nature – Cold and wet
Ruler of the Sign – Cancer
Ruler of the House – Fourth
Imparts – mental strength, family values, married life, moods.
The Moon, in Astrology, is the ruler of Cancer. It represents our deepest personal needs, our basic habits and reactions, and our unconscious. It owns the Karkata (Karka) sign but it exalts at 3 degree Vrishabha or Vrishabh and is under deep debilitation at 3 degree Scorpio. Its Mooltrikona Rashi is Vrishabh. It is the Karaka for mind and it enjoys a royal Status among planets. Its complexion is tawny. Its sex is female. Moon is of Vaishya Varna and Sattwika Guna.
It is associated with the mother and with feminine energy in general. It is both our inner child and our inner mother. It is responsive, receptive, and reflective. It is our spontaneous and instinctual reactions.
It is associated with the functionality of mind. It is believed that , it controls the power of mind and versatility. It is also believed to provide power of meditation, concentration and resistance against cold diseases.
It shows influence around twenty-four to twenty-five years of age. It gives illumination, sense of purpose, intuitive nature, sensuality, taste, youth, love of poetry, fine arts and music, love of jewelry, attractive appearance, wealth and good fortune. It makes us moody, emotional, and sensitive.
It is auspicious for those who are born in the ascending Moon cycle and malefic for those who are born in the descending Moon cycle. For persons whose Moon is not rightly placed in their horoscopes or is ill-aspected, success becomes difficult. Sometimes it even becomes difficult to achieve a comfortable life on earth. It makes such people weak or sick in their early years.
It signifies 'MOTHER', and denotes softness, sattvic nature, brain, swift nature, charming eyes, mind, steadiness, caution, progress,
generosity, methodical, smartness.
It indicates favor from superiors (when well aspected by Sun), trustworthy, inventive mind.
conception, birth of child,
impregnation, union, animal instinct also, infants, passion, love, fertile imagination, emotions, deep feelings and thinking, amusements,
music, art, painting, love for pleasure, frank nature, thinking and extreme liberty (when well aspected by Mars) bold, frequent journeys,
menstrual, optimism, patient, persistence, steady, concentration, mesmerism, occult sciences, independent, family life, home, personal
and private affairs, ladies, breasts, beauty, and watery places like ocean, navigation, rivers, lakes and drinks.
Afflicted Moon, denotes, changeable, unsteady, lack of mental balance, repining, cunningness and secretive, deceitful, delays and obstacles, liar, rum our monger,
extravagance, ill favor from Government and authorities, impulsive, passionate, inconsistency in love with opposite sex, digestive troubles, impulsive, reputation, mistry troubles,
flunky, fear complex, pessimistic, incoherence in thought and speech, immoral tendencies towards pleasurable pursuits, conflict with authorities (when ill aspected by Sun)
prodigality and undue expenditure, over pleasure or ornamentation, voluptuous person, unprofitable undertaking, poor abilities, muddle headed, manipulative.
when Moon is
afflicted by Saturn, gives ill judgment, small breasts to ladies, Jupiter gives big breasts, Venus adds beauty to them but Mars keeps the breasts strong and attractive.
Moon is lord of Monday, direction North, own house Cancer exalted Taurus. Mooltrikona Cancer debilitated in Scorpio, friendly planets are Sun and Mercury and all others are
neutrals. It is female, cold, nocturnal, and benefic planet.
Moon denotes Pearls and governs Rohini, Hast and Sarvana, constellations and Dasa period is 10 years and metal is silver.