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Inflammation of the stomach is known as gastritis. It is of several types depending upon the nature of the inflammation, the condition of the mucous membrane and glands. Hydrochloric acid and some other digestive enzymes are secreted by the glands of the stomach. Inflammation of the stomach thus results in the impairment of these secretions leading to indigestion. In Ayurveda, this condition is known as urdhvaga amlapitta.

Irregularity in diet, intake of chillies and spices, anger, anxiety and worry specially during the time of taking the food are responsible for the causation of gastritis. Persons having paittika type of constitution are prone to get this disease. It is aggravated when the patient suffers from constipation.

The patient experiences acid eructation accompanied by a burning sensation in the chest. The appetite is either suppressed or their is a false appetite. The patient feels weak and irritable. There might be pain in the upper part of the abdomen which is sometimes aggravated immediately after taking food, or even when the stomach is empty. If pressure is exerted there might be tenderness in the upper part of the stomach. The patient may also suffer from nausea, giddiness and headache. Patients suffering from chronic gastritis become emaciated and anaemic.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Gastritis: Gastritis or urdhvaga amlapitta is caused by vitiation of pitta. The best therapy for the correction of pitta is purgation. Ghee also plays an important role in alleviating pitta. Therefore, medicated ghee, which works as a laxative as well, is useful in the treatment of this condition. Commonly Sukumara ghrita is used for the treatment of this condition. It is given in a dose of two teaspoonfuls twice daily mixed with a cup of milk on an empty stomach. In the beginning, this may affect the power of digestion. After a day or two, digestion improves and the patient does not experience any difficulty.

Amalaki is the drug of choice for the condition. It is given to the patient in powder form in a dose of two teaspoonfuls four-times a day. Dhatri lauha is often used by the physician for its treatment. The chief ingredient of this compound preparation is lauha bhasma and it is impregnated with the juice of amalaki. This is given to the patient in a dose of one teaspoonful twice daily. If the patient is constipated, Avipattikara churna is the medicine of choice. It is given in a dose of two teaspoonfuls at bedtime. The chief ingredient of this medicine is trivrit. The root-bark of this drug stimulates the liver and thus works as a laxative. Coconut and white variety of pumpkin are also used as medicine for the treatment of this condition.

Diet to taken by Gastritis patients: Barley, wheat, rice (preserved for one year), soup of moong dal, parched rice, cucumber, bitter gourd, patola, green banana, banana flower, white pumpkin, pomegranate and cow's milk are considered to be exceedingly useful for the treatment of this condition. Sesame seeds, mash, kulattha, gram, pungent and sour things, heavy food, curd and alcoholic drinks are harmful. The patient should preferably be kept exclusively on milk diet (added with sugar) or on a diet consisting of milk and old rice.

Other regimens: The Gastritis patient should not expose himself to hard mental or physical work. He should avoid anxiety, worry and anger. He should be given complete rest. A walk in the early morning for about a mile is very- useful.