What are Rudraksh Beads ?They are natural dried ripened fruits of plant. The botanical name of the plant is 'ELAEOCARPUS GRANITRUS'. The genus is known as ELAEOCARPUS. (Elaeo = oil. Carpus = fruit). Hence the name has been given to it due to its fruit which contains oil. Its family, which is known by 360 species has worldwide distribution. The genus is Elaeocarpus which is represented by over 30 species in the world of which 25 have been reported from South Asia. Some common species recorded from India are described as under:
(1) Elaeocarpus ganitrus
(2) E. sphaericus
(3) E. grandis
(5) E. oblongatus
(6) E. pertiolatus
(7) E. serratus
(8) E. tuberculatus
Its tree is large & evergreen. It is as big as banyan tree & takes 15-20 years to grow. In usual height, the tree grows to 25 feet with girth of 3 feet. The bark of its tree is dark, rough and marked with small scales. The leaves are oblong oval in shape. The size varies from 3 inches to 6 inches. Each leaf has a highly toothed leaf edges. The flowers are creamy and most attractive in look. The blooming takes place during rainy season and and flowering during March-May.
It comes in different colours and sizes. They are categorized on the basis of the line on them. They comes from One faced to Thirty Eight faced but commonly available form 1 - 21 mukhis. It is said that its seed contains the secrets of entire evolution of the cosmos within it. The devotees of Shiva, observe forms of Shiva, Shiva-Parvati, Shivalinga etc. in these beads. Each and every bead has unique energy or vibrations, which helps in correction of our aura(energy).
According to Shiv Puran, wearing it brings Prosperity , happiness and Good Health to the Wearer. According to Vidyesvara Samhitha, they are available in Four colours, White, Red , yellow and Black. According to Padma Puraana, a man obtains a lakhfold merit by seeing them, a crorefold merit by touching it and ten crores of merit by wearing them .
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