Family: Matricaria Chamomilla
Description & Extraction:
Chamomile essential oil is extracted from Matricaria chamomilla (M. recutica) of the same family and is also known by the names of blue chamomile, Hungarian chamomile and
single chamomile. Both Roman and German chamomile have excellent calming properties,Roman chamomile essential oil is produced from Anthemis nobilis (Chamaemelum nobile) of the
family species Asteraceae, formerly placed in the Composite family. It is also known as English chamomile, sweet chamomile and garden chamomile. Both chamomile oils are
extracted from the flowers by steam distillation, with the Roman chamomile yielding about 1.7 % from fresh flowers and German chamomile yielding about 0.2 - 0.4 %.
chamomiles but Roman chamomile is more effective for irritation, impatience and feeling disagreeable, and has great value in treating PMS and other menstrual and menopausal
problems, while German chamomile is superbly effective on the skin, not only to sooth and calm, but to heal and for tissue regeneration. blend well with bergamot, clarysage,
lavender, geranium, jasmine, tea tree, grapefruit, rose, lemon and ylang-ylang.
The main chemical components of Roman chamomile oils are a-pinene, camphene, b-pinene, sabinene, myrcene, 1,8-cineole, y-terpinene, caryophyllene, and propyl angelate and butyl
The main constituents of German chamomile oil are chamazulene, a-bisabolol, bisabolol oxide A, bisabolol oxide B and bisabolone oxide A.
The properties of Roman chamomile oil are analgesic, anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-infectious, anti-depressant, anti-neuralgic, antiphlogistic,
antiseptic, antispasmodic, bactericidal, carminative, cholagogue, cicatrisant,emmenagogue, febrifuge, hepatic, sedative, nervine, digestive, tonic, sudorific, stomachic,
vermifuge and vulnerary. The therapeutic properties of German chamomile oil on the other hand are analgesic, anti-allergenic, anti-spasmodic, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory,
antiphlogistic, bactericidal, carminative, cicatrisant, cholagogue, emmenagogue, hepatic, digestive, sedative, stomachic, vermifuge, vasoconstrictor and vulnerary. Both Roman
and German chamomile have calming and relaxing abilities, especially on the nervous and digestive systems, regulating and easing the menstrual cycle. They have soothing and
healing influence on the skin, as well as being a potent remedy for inflammatory conditions.
Benefits, Uses & Precaution:
1. Roman chamomile oil is used for
o This essential oil can be used with great effect on children when they feel irritable, impatient, teething or colicky.
o Women find it great to relieve PMS. In general it is good for abdominal pain, gall bladder problems, as well as for throat infections. it furthermore helps to relieve
allergies, hay fever and asthma.
o For the skin, it can be used to calm acne, eczema, rashes, wounds, dermatitis, dry and itchy skin and other allergic conditions in general.
o For babies it can be used in a very diluted form to sooth an irritated and teething baby and helps for colic, diarrhea and gastric spasms.
2. German chamomile oil is used for
o This essential oil has a calming effect on the mind and body and is excellent in treating any type of inflammation - be that internal or external - and is very effective
on urinary stones (bladder gravel) as well.
o It stimulates the liver and gall bladder, thereby improving digestion and is valuable in treating menstrual and menopausal problems.
o On the skin, it is a miracle worker and calms red, dry and irritated skin, as well as calming allergies, eczema, psoriasis and all other flaky skin problems.
o It is high in - (-a)-bisabolol which promotes granulation (healing) and is also a great tissue regenerator.
Both types of chamomile oil are considered non-toxic and non-irritant, yet since they do have emmenagogue properties when used in high concentrations, they should be avoided