ocimum basilicum Family:
Description & extraction:
Basil or sweet basil is a common name for the culinary herb ocimum basilicum and it is extracted by the process of steam distillation. Basil can also be propagated very
reliably from cuttings in exactly the same manner as 'busy lizzie', with the stems of short cuttings suspended for two weeks or so in water until roots develop. Once a stem
produces flowers, foliage production stops on that stem, the stem becomes woody, and essential oil production declines. To prevent this, a basil-grower may pinch off any flower
stems before they are fully mature. Because only the blooming stem is so affected, some stems can be pinched for leaf production, while others are left to bloom for decoration
It is pale greenish-yellow in color and has thin consistency and strength of initial aroma is medium. It is a watery viscosity. It is sweet, herbaceous,
licorice like, slightly campherous. It blends with bergamot, celeray sage, clove bud, geranium, lime, lemon, hysoop, juniper, eucalyptus, neroli, marjoram, rosemary,
melissa and lavender.
Properties of Basil Oil
It has such different scents because the herb has a number of different essential oils that come together in different proportions for various breeds. The strong clove
scent of sweet basil is derived from Eugenol, the same chemical as
actual cloves. Other chemical that help to produce the distinctive scents of many Basils i.e. Citronellol
Linalool, Myrcene, Pinene, Ocimene, Terpineol, Linalyl Acetate, Eugenol etc.
It showed antifungal and insect-repelling properties and it is confirmed that extracts from the plant are very toxic to mosquitoes. However, the plant is not toxic to rats
also there are no equivalent reports of its use against humans.
Benefits of Basil Oil
Basil is very sensitive to cold, with best growth in hot, dry conditions. It behaves as an annual if there is any chance of a frost.
It is used in Asian drinks and desserts such as falooda or sherbet.
It is used for their medicinal properties in Ayurveda, the traditional medicinal system of India and Siddha medicine, a traditional Tamil system of medicine. They are also
used as drinks in Southeast Asia.
It is used for respiratory tract and is often used for asthma, bronchitis and sinus infections.
It is very effective and in cases of constipation, nausea, vomiting and cramp etc.
It is very useful for the arthritis as well used on the skin.
It is a good treatment for itching from bites and stings from honey bees, insects even snakes.
It is an Excellent Insect Repellent and prevent bug bites, just like citronella essential oil
and thyme oil.
To make a homemade bug spray or lotion, dilute several drops of basil essential oil with a carrier oil and massage onto your skin, or on swollen bites as needed. Basil is also excellent in treating itchiness from mosquito bites and stings.
• It's also known as a treatment for snake bites.
• It is well known for treating symptoms of acne and other skin infections. As skin breakouts are mainly caused by built-up bacteria, excess oil, and small infections, it can help because of its antibacterial properties.
Home Remedy for Acne
bull; You can apply diluted basil essential oil with a clean cotton ball. OR
• Mix one to two drops of basil oil with coconut or jojoba oil and apply to the affected area once or twice daily.
Home Remedy for Hair Treatment
• You can add a drop or two of basil essential oil to your shampoo to strip away excess grease or buildup and add a lustrous quality to your hair.
• You can also mix it with baking soda and apple cider vinegar to naturally remove bacteria, grease, and residue from the hair.
Use Essential Oils sparingly and with caution.
Avoid in cases of liver problems.
Avoid during pregnancy.
Use extreme caution when using oils with children and give children only the gentlest oils at extremely low doses.
It is safest to consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using essential oils with children.